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Kranzberg’s Laws

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December 20th, 2018 by: Eric SchatzbergLee Vinsel

Kranzberg’s First and Second Laws

Kranzberg’s First Law By Eric Schatzberg “Technology is neither good nor bad, nor is it neutral.” This gnomic pronouncement is probably the best known of Kranzberg’s six laws. A search on this phrase produces over 9000 hits on Google, and almost 400 hits on Google Scholar. And who knows how many times it has been…

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December 20th, 2018 by: Dagmar SchaeferJonathan Coopersmith

Kranzberg’s Fifth and Fourth Laws

Kranzberg’s Fifth Law By Dagmar Schaefer “All history is relevant, but the history of technology is the most relevant.” The farmer and the frog: or how Chinese farmers know all about Kranzberg’s Fifth Law. Before I even knew what the history of technology was, I learnt from a farmer and some frogs what the relevance…

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December 20th, 2018 by: Laura Ann TwagiraMara Mills

Kranzberg’s Third and Sixth Laws

Kranzberg’s Third Law By Laura Ann Twagira “Technology comes in packages, big and small” In 1986 Melvin Kranzberg wrote: “If we look into the history of any mechanical device, we find that the basic invention required other innovative changes to make it fully effective and that the completed mechanism in turn necessitated changes in auxiliary…

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